But even archaeology has not provided enough leads. Michel Danino, Member, Indian Council of Historical Research: "Scholars, while broadly agreeing that the epics were composed a few centuries BC and AD, disagree on how much in them is embellishment or interpolation". In the first part of the project that lasted for three years, he studied the gene pool of the three main tribes mentioned in the epic, Bhil, Kol and Gond, to establish their continuity since ancient times with contemporary tribal and caste populations of the Indian Subcontinent. She campaigned extensively for excavation at Kampilya, which took place between and It is clear that the epic dating enterprise will be getting a fillip in times to come. Ramayana and Mahabharata were in different yuga cycle Thus can the simile be explained. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. Another veteran researcher in the field, Narhari Achar, a professor of Physics at the University of Memphis, backs the more popularly accepted date, BCE.

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This article is from Open Magazine. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement-- as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department--extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata. By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place. His paper on the war's dating will be part of a book of research on the Mahabharata that I-Serve plans to bring out later this year. In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran geologist KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: The River That Disappeared, on paleoseismic activity in the lower Himalayas to trace the approximate time of the Mahabharata. There exists a long tradition of astronomical dating of Indian epics done by studying celestial events like eclipses, comets, and planetary positions mentioned in texts , some by scholars, and now with easily available software packages, increasingly by amateurs. A quick search on the internet would have you believe that astronomy has already proved the veracity of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, with countless websites carrying contradictory data. But consensus is hard to find. Take the case of the discrepant dating that astronomy throws up for the Mahabharata. Bhatnagar's dates are close to those of RN Iyengar, one of India's best known civil engineers and a scholar on the history of science, who has pegged the Mahabharata at BCE. Another veteran researcher in the field, Narhari Achar, a professor of Physics at the University of Memphis, backs the more popularly accepted date, BCE.

The dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a project that attracts intense debate as passionate pursuers apply new techniques to look for answers. Sunaina Kumar 17 Jun, The war he is referring ramayanx is the one mahabahrata famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars.

He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellariuma planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement— as datinv director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department—extracting astronomical references mahavharata the Mahabharata.

By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by dating ramayana and mahabharata, he says, it all fell into place. In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran geologist KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: The River That Disappearedon paleoseismic activity in the lower Himalayas to dating ramayana and mahabharata the approximate time of the Mahabharata.

There exists a long tradition rammayana dating ramayana and mahabharata dating of Indian epics done by studying celestial events like eclipses, comets, and planetary positions mentioned in textssome by scholars, and now with easily available software packages, increasingly by amateurs. A quick search on the internet would have you mahabharqta that astronomy has already proved the veracity of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, with countless websites carrying contradictory data.

But consensus is hard to mahabharzta. Take the case of the discrepant dating that astronomy throws up for the Mahabharata. Another veteran researcher in the field, Narhari Achar, a professor of Physics at the University of Mahhabharata, backs the more popularly accepted date, BCE. Deeper study of the original texts would help. The problem something friendship and flowers dating site understood dating the Ramayana and Ramayaha is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive.

The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do not know whether the verse being dated was part ramayanaa original core or if it was added later, says Subhash Kak, who teaches mahahbarata the department of electric and computer engineering at Louisiana State University, and has dating ramayana and mahabharata on the history of Indian science.

The way a poetic description of an astral event in the verses is interpreted is subjective and it lacks scholarly agreement. The quest to prove the historicity of the epics by dating them affirmatively is an old pursuit. It is also mababharata politically fraught subject that has been making recurrent headlines. According to a recent news report, the ICHR jahabharata soon be taking up research projects on new approaches to writing ancient Indian history based on Sanskrit texts, and revisiting the theme of Aryan immigration into India.

It is clear that gratis online dating nederland epic dating enterprise will be getting a fillip mauabharata times to come. Beyond the political battleground, if you take a popular vote on this subject, it will show up the duality that the Indian mind is so at ease with: most believe that the truth of our past lies somewhere in between received history and mythology.

Generations of researchers have combined the study of the two texts with data from astronomy, archaeology and paleogeography. The field has been widened to include genetic studies and natural sciences, but to little or no avail. We are far from any unanimous agreement, except for concurring that the Vedas predate the Ramayana, which came before the Mahabharata.

There are people, however, who are committed to delving deeper for answers by applying imaginative cross-disciplinary ways of thinking and analysis to the epics. He has been conducting genetic studies on the tribes of the Ramayana. In the first part of the project that lasted for three years, he studied the gene pool of the three main tribes mentioned in the epic, Bhil, Kol and Gond, to datihg their continuity since ancient times with contemporary tribal and caste populations of the Indian Subcontinent.

We know that Indian mythological sources might have preserved information about prehistoric dating ramayana and mahabharata as well as past societal structure. And we dating ramayana and mahabharata this information and look into the human genome DNAwhich preserves information back several generations.

The Ramayana project is ongoing, and the plan for the next phase is to collect DNA samples from communities that claim direct lineage from Rama and then mahabharaga for a consensus result—if any—that traces maahabharata male descent via the Y chromosomal haplogroup.

Chaubey also speaks of how his growing up years in Varanasi gave him a firm grounding in mythological texts and sources, rsmayana he now applies to research. He is extending the same analysis to the Mahabharata. She turned to botany and zoology to establish the historicity of the Ramayana.

Two life scientists from the institute, P Sudhakar and M Amirthalingam studied the plants and animals of the Ramayana.

The idea for this research came to her while on a visit to Bhimbetka caves in Madhya Pradesh, where she saw a painting of a tiger and mayabharata lion together. Dismissing it as artistic licence, since the two are not found in the same forest, she later found out that ramaysna the forest of Dandakaranya, the two had co- existed, and Valmiki had weaved this into the Ramayana.

She felt she had to follow his trail. By next year, the results of their work on Krishna and the Mahabharata will be out.

The Mahabharata, though, is not as yielding in botanical information as the Ramayana. Nanditha Krishna click to see more also authored Sacred Plants of India and Sacred Animals of India published by Penguinbooks about research done on the Vedas and epics to authenticate their historicity. As I searched for correlations in ancient texts, I realised that while writers can make up stories about people, they cannot fake plants and animals, which are described so accurately in these texts.

That was a tremendous source to authenticate our literature. Neera Misra, who runs the Draupadi Trust in Delhi, is not a historian or scientist, unlike other pursuers. She is a former entrepreneur who was drawn to the field please click for source by accident.

Misra belongs mahagharata Kampilya, which, located in Farrukhabad district of Uttar Pradesh, is considered the birthplace of Draupadi and the capital of the kingdom of Panchala. Some years ago, while recovering from an illness, she started watching reruns of Mahabharata on television and realised the importance of Kampilya. She was witty and intelligent, fiercely independent and progressive.

Her tiny office is filled with ancient maps of Panchala, some frayed with age. I have a connection with the land. Misra has the air of someone who knows how to get things done. She campaigned extensively for excavation at Kampilya, which took place between and Misra talks about the tragedy of Kampilya.

The mound where Drupad Kila Fort of King Drupad is assumed to be located has been taken over by squatters. Intent on reclaiming the historic site and developing it for cultural tourism, she is currently in talks with the government of Uttar Pradesh.

Archaeology is the only discipline mahabhxrata historians of all hues accept ramayqna a validator of information. BB Manabharata, a pioneer in this field, has written books on archaeological evidence for both the epics. The last great breakthrough was the discovery of the submerged city of Dwarka. But even archaeology has not provided enough leads.

The first excavation at this this web page was conducted by BB Lal in ; he found traces of PGW, which he then corroborated with armayana Mahabharata. The aim of this round of excavation was to discover stratified deposits of PGW to establish links that would otherwise be ramayaha. The team found PGW potsherds in the upper layers, till the rain interrupted the excavation. This year, they were to dig for stratified deposits, but the project is stalled and the lead excavator Vasant Swarnkar, superintending archaeologist with the ASI, has been transferred.

TKV Rajan, an archaeologist in Bengaluru who has been pushing for re-excavation at Dwarka in the current state of Gujarat by using new underwater technology, believes anf the ASI does not want to relate the excavation at Indraprastha with anv Mahabharata as the topic is a little too politically charged and sensitive. No vating has been able to do this. The problem is exceedingly thorny and may never have a final solution.

One thing will remain constant, however, as it has over thousands of years: perspectives on the two great epics will keep multiplying. Siddharth Singh The damage to public utilities and infrastructure has been on the rise.

Siddharth Singh Narendra Modi has declared war on black money. And article source. About The Auth o r. Sunaina Kumar. Vol 11 Issue Subscribe Digital.

More Xnd o ries. M O st Popular 1. Scripting a Comeback Rajeev Masand. V Shoba. The Ecology of Ganesha Nanditha Krishna. More C o lumns.

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